Over the past week, heavy rains and flash floods have occurred in several provinces in the eastern, central, southeastern, southern and western regions of Afghanistan.
Between August 16 and 21, flash floods reportedly killed 63 people in Kunar (4), Laghman (3), Logar (20), Maidan Wardak (3), Nangarhar (2), Nuristan (14), Paktya (6 ) and Parwan (11) provinces and injured 115 other people, including women and children. In addition, 30 people are missing in the provinces of Logar (4), Maidan Wardak (15) and Parwan (11).
Some 3,398 houses are estimated to have been damaged or destroyed as a result of the floods – 15 in Ghor, 3,000 in Logar, 195 in Maidan Wardak and 188 in Parwan provinces – with 8,246 families affected in 13 provinces. The most affected province is Logar (3,000), followed by Nangarhar (1,376), Laghman (1,327) and Khost (446). The least affected areas include the provinces of Ghazni (350), Paktya (447), Uruzgan (279), Kunar (322), Paktika (200), Parwan (188), Maidan Wardak (195), Nuristan (65) and Kandahar (51). . BALK
Already this year, 256 people have reportedly been killed by flash floods, including 118 since August 1. This is a 75% increase in the number of people killed by floods in 2021, when 147 people lost their lives, including 127 people in a single event in Nuristan in July.
Humanitarian needs and response
Center and Southeast Region: Since August 16, seven provinces have been affected by recurring floods, affecting thousands of families. In response, several inter-agency teams were mobilized simultaneously to assess needs and provide immediate assistance.
In Khushi district, Logar province, the district committee reported on August 23 that 20 people had been killed and 30 injured as a result of flash floods that hit on August 19. They further reported that as many as 3,000 houses had been destroyed; 7,000 head of cattle had been killed; thousands of acres of farmland destroyed, including crops like tomatoes, beans and potatoes; and hundreds of families without civil status papers. In response, the district committee evacuated over a hundred families to higher ground and distributed 116 tents. Joint inter-agency needs assessments led by IOM, involving representatives of WFP, IRC, DACAAR and ANDMA, are underway with 1,170 families identified so far as eligible for assistance humanitarian aid, in addition to 40 in the districts of Puli Alam and Baraki. On 22 August, IOM distributed over 100 family tents and non-food items to the Khushi district centre. Full support packages will be provided once needs assessments are completed.
In Maidan Wardak province, needs assessments identified 195 families in Sayedabad and Chak districts severely affected by the August 20 flash floods. According to the IOM, three people were killed and 15 missing, 61 houses were destroyed and 134 seriously damaged. Humanitarian assistance will be provided to these families on August 24 by WFP (food), IOM (NFI kits including family tents), DACAAR (WASH kits) and DRC (multipurpose cash assistance). [MPCA] of 28,000 Afs/family).
In Parwan province, following heavy rains on 16 August, a joint inter-agency needs assessment was completed in Shinwari and Sia Gird districts. A total of 11 people were killed and 15 injured, and 11 other community members were reported missing. A total of 124 houses were verified as completely destroyed and 64 severely damaged, affecting 188 families. IOM, WFP and UNICEF/DACAAR finalized distributions of food, tents and NFI and WASH kits to affected households on 22 August for 188 families.
In the province of Ghazni, in the South-East region, about 350 families were affected by the floods between August 16 and 20 in the districts of Qarabagh, Maqur, Dehyak, Giro, Gilan, Malistan and Ghazni center. On August 19, a PDMC meeting was organized and two assessment teams involving IOM, DACAAR, CARE, IDS and ANDMA were deployed. Assessments have identified 128 families as affected and further needs assessments are ongoing. In addition, heavy rains on August 23 caused flash floods in central Ghazni, Andar, Qarabagh and Dehyak districts. According to the first information, 200 families are newly displaced in Andar and settled in mosques and host families, while around 50 are displaced in the city of Ghazni in the cultural center.
In Khost province, a meeting of the Provincial Disaster Management Committee (PDMC) was organized in Khost with line departments, NGOs and OCHA. Three joint assessment teams involving IOM, IDS, WSTA, NRC and ANDMA have identified 446 affected families in Mandozai, Nadar Shah Kot, Sabari and central districts. A total of 812 families have been verified as being affected by the floods since July 24. On August 23, a meeting of the OCTs was organized to share the results and mobilize partners. Assistance including food, non-food items, hygiene kits and AMLA will be provided on 29 August.
In Paktya province, four inter-agency teams consisting of IOM, IRC, IDS and ANDMA have finalized assessments and confirmed that six people have died including three children and two adults also injured. in the district of Garde. A total of 247 families have been identified as affected by the August 16 flash floods in Zurmat, in the center of Grâce and Ahmad Aba districts of Paktya province. IOM, IRC, WFP and UNICEF will respond. On August 20, new overnight floods affected about 200 families in the districts of Grâce, Zurmat and Ahamd Aba in Paktya. On August 22, three joint assessment teams were deployed to the affected area to verify this figure and identified 16 families in need of assistance.
In Paktika province, needs assessments are underway targeting around 200 families believed to have been affected by the August 16 floods in Mata Khan and Jani Kheil districts. As of August 22, joint assessment teams had identified 25 flood-affected families in Zarghon Shar, Mata Khan and Jani Khel districts. IOM, IRC, WFP and UNICEF will provide humanitarian assistance in the coming days.
Eastern Region: On August 20, heavy rains and flash floods reportedly killed 23 people in Kunar (4), Laghman (3) Nangarhar (2) and Nuristan (14) provinces, and injured 68 others – nine in Kunar, 16 in Laghman. and 43 in Nuristan. More than 3,090 families (1,376 in Nangarhar; 1,327 in Laghman, Kunar 322 and 65 in Nuristan) are said to be affected in 24 districts of Nangarhar (17), Laghman (6) and Nuristan (1).
Ongoing assessments further reveal an unconfirmed number of damaged homes, roads, bridges, culverts, drains, wells, gardens, watermills and micro hydroelectric power stations, as well as thousands of acres of farmland and standing crops.
On August 21, the Regional Operational Coordination Team (OCT) agreed to deploy 37 inter-agency assessment teams across Nangarhar (22), Laghman (10), Kunar (5) and Nuristan (1). The inter-agency assessment teams are made up of IOM, WFP, UNHCR/WAW, DACAAR, DRC, SCI, ARCS and are coordinated with ANDMA and district managers. To date, assessments and response have been completed in Nuristan province with assistance provided to 64 families. UNICEF also deployed integrated response teams to severely affected areas and provided WASH, nutritional and psychosocial support, as well as key messages to raise awareness of communicable disease outbreaks. UNICEF also conducted a rapid assessment of flood-damaged schools.
The inter-cluster response continues with those affected by the August 15 floods. WHO and UNICEF, through partner mobile health teams (PU-AMI, TDH, IMC, SCI), provided primary health care and nutritional support to approximately 800 patients. IOM also distributed 660 NFI kits, 206 tents and 64 winter kits, while WFP distributed one-month food aid to 1,064 families and UNFPA distributed 601 dignity kits. DRC and NRC further distributed AMLA to 138 and 200 families respectively. UNICEF provided 20 tents to its NGO partner WADAN to be distributed in damaged schools. Similarly, UNHCR distributed 116 NFI packages, 187 health kits, 28 tents and 191 solar lamps to 80 affected families. Southern Region: According to ANDMA Uruzgan, 279 households were affected by heavy rains and flash floods in Chora, Khas Uruzgan, Chinar Tu and Gizab districts on 16 August.
Additionally, heavy rains were reported in Spin Boldak, Takhtapol, Arghandab and Shahwalikot districts of Kandahar province, with indications that some houses, culverts, bridges, farmlands and livestock were also affected. Provincial members of the OCT have been alerted and are verifying the information.
In addition, in Kandahar City, inter-agency assessment teams from Zheray, Arghandab, Maywand and Panjwayi districts identified 51 families (380 people) in need of humanitarian assistance, including food, non-food items, emergency shelter, WASH and multi-purpose cash assistance.
Western Region: According to IOM and ANDMA Ghor, about 15 houses were reportedly damaged by flash floods in Dahan Sar Sabad and Kakari ha villages of Pasaband district on 21 August. Damage to farmland also occurred. OCT and IOM are deploying an assessment team on August 24 to identify those in need.
- United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
- To learn more about OCHA’s activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.